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Top Programming Languages You Should Learn In 2024

Avoid wasting your time. Make sure, without a doubt, that the programming languages you select are the most in-demand ones on the market if you’re going to set aside the time and effort required to learn new programming languages.

After all, you’ll need to be at the head of the class if you want to begin (or advance) a career in software development. You must first prepare yourself to learn new programming languages by learning which ones are well-liked, useful, and on the rise.

Confused about where to begin? Don’t worry; we’ve already done the hard work by analyzing developer and industry data from the previous few years in order to spot patterns and make judgments that will assist you in making plans for your programming career. We’ll go over the top 11 programming languages in this article and offer you some advice on how to learn them.

But first, let’s review how we arrived at this list in the first place. We had two main research questions when we sat down to determine what the top programming languages for 2024 may be:

  • Which languages are popular at the moment?
  • Which are becoming more and more popular and will be in demand soon?

You probably already know why we asked the first question. While it’s not always a good idea to base your decision on trends, popularity can be a good indicator of a language’s market share. Here is a basic rule of thumb that you should be aware of: the more widely used or popular a language is, the more probable it is that a developer, which includes you!, will have to work with it.

Next, we looked at the programming languages that are expected to become the most in-demand on the market. To do this, we examined the developer polls from the previous two years at Stack Overflow and concentrated on:

  • The languages that programmers claim to use and intend to keep using.
  • The languages that programmers are interested in using but haven’t yet used.

We intended to obtain a better picture according to which languages will be popular in the upcoming years by looking at these tendencies.

With just minor shifts between years, we discovered that the most popular languages on Stack Overflow in 2019 and 2020 were Rust, Python, and Typescript. For both years, Python, JavaScript, and Go topped Stack’s Most Wanted rankings as the top three programming languages. The likelihood of these five languages becoming more popular is strong given their predominance in developers’ minds, hence they merit inclusion on our list.

However, other elements affected where we placed each language. For instance, we elected to place Python higher than Rust, which, although ranking #1 on Stack Overflow’s most-loved list, languishes at #19 on the organization’s common-languages list since it has regularly retained a top-five slot on the site’s most commonly-used, -loved, and -wanted lists.

After going over our procedure, let’s get to the question at hand: Which coding languages will be in high demand in 2024?

The Programming Languages That Will Be Most Popular in 2024

1. JavaScript

JavaScript is mainly used for:

  • Web development.
  • Game development.
  • Mobile apps.
  • Building web servers.

JavaScript presently ranks as the most widely used language worldwide (69.7%), followed by HTML/CSS (62.4%), SQL (56.9%), Python (41.6%), and Java (69.7%), according to Stack Overflow’s 2020 Developer Survey (38.4 percent ). Additionally, recruitment agencies in the Americas find it to be the programming language of choice (PDF, 2.4 MB).

JavaScript is used to control how web pages behave. It enables programmers to make dynamic web elements including animated images, interactive maps, clickable buttons, and more. Combining HTML, CSS, and JavaScript gives programmers greater control over a website and the opportunity to improve navigation and readability for users.

The most popular programming language now in use worldwide is JavaScript. This is for good cause; it’s one of the simplest languages to learn and is used by the majority of web browsers. Nearly no prior coding experience is necessary to learn JavaScript; once you get started, you may start using it right away.

In addition, there are innumerable groups, courses, and resources for professional support online due to the language’s widespread use. In addition to having excellent usability, this support places JavaScript at the top of our list of the most popular programming languages.

Learn JavaScript – Beginner to Advance Project.

2. Python

Python mainly used for:

  • Back end development.
  • Data science.
  • App development.

Python is a powerful programming language that enables programmers to employ a variety of programming paradigms when developing programs (such as functional, object-oriented, reflective, etc.). Python was used to create a number of well-known digital applications and platforms, such as YouTube, Google Search, and iRobot robots. Additionally, after javascript it is the second most sought-after programming language for recruiting managers in the Americas, according to HackerRank (PDF, 2.4 MB).

Python is a great language for both new and seasoned programmers alike because it is one of the simpler languages to learn and use. The language comes with a rich library that covers common commands and actions. Its interactive features enable programmers to test code as they write it, cutting down on the time needed to write and test lengthy parts of code.

Learn Python– Beginner to Advance Project.


HTML is mainly used for:

  • Web documents.
  • Website development.
  • Website maintenance.

HyperText Markup Language, or HTML. HTML is one of the most easy entry points into the world of programming, despite its confusing-sounding name.

Technically speaking, HTML is a markup language, that means it is in charge of formatting how information appears on a page. HTML is mostly used to define plain-text web pages. It is restricted to writing and arranging text on a website and does not have as much functionality as the other programming languages on this list. The HTML language includes paragraphs, headings, sections, and links.

As of 2020, HTML and CSS are tied for second place on Stack Overflow’s list of the languages that are used the most frequently worldwide.

Learn HTML– Beginner to Advance Project.

4. CSS

CSS mainly used for:

  • Web documents.
  • Website development.
  • Website design.

Cascading style sheets, or CSS, control how a website looks and are typically used in conjunction with HTML. While CSS determines the size, color, and positioning of every element on a website, HTML arranges site text into chunks.

The cascading portion of CSS’s name indicates that an applied style will flow from parent elements to all of the website’s child elements. Users won’t have to constantly reapply their code across a website after they decide on the aesthetics for the primary parent thanks to this capability. Furthermore, users do not need to totally redo a web page in order to alter a color because CSS and HTML are responsible for site organization and aesthetics, respectively.

Learn CSS– Beginner to Advance Project.

5. Java

Java mainly used for:

  • E-commerce.
  • Finance.
  • App development.

The object-oriented programming language Java is widely used. In object-oriented programming, programmers build objects that have functions and data that can be used to provide programs and applications structure.

Java has occupied the fifth position on Stack Overflow’s list of the most frequently used languages for the past two years and is presently ranked as the third-most searched programming language for job candidates globally (PDF, 2.4 MB).

Java is extremely popular for good reason; it’s simple to learn and use, has excellent security, and can manage enormous amounts of data. Due to these characteristics, Java is a perfect language for online finance and is frequently used in the banking, billing, and stock market sectors.

6. SQL

SQL mainly used for:

  • Database management.
  • Sales reports.
  • Business management.

Programmers can query and alter databases using the language known as SQL, or Structured Query Language. It is primarily intended for managing data inside of an RDBMS because it is a domain-specific language (relational database management system). Simply put, SQL has the ability to update, add, or remove records from a database as well as locate and retrieve data from it.

Despite its considerable functionality, SQL often performs better with smaller databases and is less suited to manage large ones.

Despite this, more than half (54.7 percent) of the developers questioned stated they use SQL, making it the third-most popular language in the programming profession.

7. NoSQL

NoSQL is mainly used for:

  • Database management.
  • Sales reports.
  • Business management.

NoSQL, or Non-relational SQL, was developed to increase the scalability of SQL while preserving the functionality of the other language.

You should keep in mind that SQL uses relational database and stream management systems, which store data in tables and enable users to edit and extract data. On the other side, NoSQL databases don’t employ tables and can be more beneficial than their forerunners for particular purposes, such as supporting massive, cloud-based apps or storing data in a hierarchical network.

These two languages are among the most popular coding languages because of how adaptable they are.

8. C#

C# is mainly used for:

  • Game development.
  • Desktop/web/mobile apps.
  • VR.

This programming language, which is also known as C Sharp, is a member of the object-oriented programming language family. Microsoft introduced C# in 2002, and it is still regarded as a highly regarded development of the C++ programming language.

C# is becoming more and more popular as a common language for creating desktop and web apps; according to HackerRank, about one in five recruiting managers (PDF, 2.4 MB) are seeking for developers who can write C# code. It is undeniably one of the most in-demand programming languages for the future year, but there are additional benefits to having this ability on your radar.

Similar to other widely used languages, C# has a sizable community that supports new students. As a result, learning C# might be simpler than trying to learn some of the more recent and less documented languages. Additionally, C# is perfect for creating the increasingly popular mobile games and apps. Without a doubt, this language will remain helpful in the upcoming years.

9. Rust

Rust is mainly used for:

  • Operating systems.
  • VR.
  • Web browsers.

Rust has repeatedly scored at the top of lists of the most popular programming languages, with 86 percent of users saying they were interested in using it going forward.

However, only 3% of developers in the poll reported using Rust, indicating that the great majority of programmers are unaware of its benefits. Rust is a “multi-paradigm” programming language, allowing programmers to use a range of coding paradigms. Its syntax is similar to C++’s, but it offers a wider range of applications.

Rust is a fantastic language to pick up if you’re seeking for faster compilation, more cross-platform capabilities, or just better career possibilities.

10. Perl

Perl is mainly used for:

  • System administration.
  • GUI development.
  • Network programming.

The most popular language on the market isn’t Perl. In fact, only 3.1% of programmers used it in 2020, and it didn’t even reach the list of languages used most frequently by Stack Overflow in 2019. However, there is a good reason why we advise it. Learning Perl at this stage of your career could considerably increase your earning potential.

Developers that are familiar with Perl typically earn 54% more than the average developer, according to HackerRank (PDF, 2.4MB). However, it should be noted that the majority of these experts are senior engineers, who typically earn more as a baseline. As a result, it may be challenging to estimate the “extra” that a programming language offers. But even so, adopting a language like Perl might help a young coder get a raise or promotion.

Perl, sometimes known as the Practical Extraction and Report Language, is a scripting language that is frequently used to extract data from text files and produce reports.

11. Go

Go is mainly used for:

  • System/network programming.
  • Audio/video editing.
  • Big Data.

Go is a top-notch programming language that was created at Google in 2007. Go really shines due to its efficiency and ability to run multiple tasks at once. Additionally, it has a large “vocabulary” compared to other computer languages, which allows it to display more data than others.

Go is a unique language that offers top-notch memory safety and management features despite sharing a syntax with C. A significant amount of functionality and flexibility are also made possible by the language’s structural typing features. Additionally, Go not only ranks highly on programmers’ most-loved and most-wanted lists, but it also causes a 33 percent pay raise (PDF, 2.4 MB).

Now which programming language should you pick?

One of the finest methods to develop your programming career, regardless of whether you are an experienced programmer or are just beginning to research the field, is to learn a new language. But where should you begin your educational efforts?

Your first move will depend on you, your timetable, and the available resources.

For instance, a college program will provide you a thorough education in both programming theory and practice; however, the typical undergraduate degree also necessitates four years of full-time study and thousands of dollars in tuition financing.

Consider a programming boot camp if you want a quicker and less expensive learning environment that emphasizes skills-based learning. Within three to six months, coding boot camps give you the practical knowledge and language abilities you’ll need to gain an entry-level position in the industry.

Consider learning the necessary coding skills through tutorials, books, and online courses if you’re seeking for the least expensive educational option and don’t mind being self-taught. Remember that while this option gives a lot of flexibility and a chance for inexpensive learning, it might not be appropriate for kids who require outside motivation. Pick one of the other options above if you know you’ll struggle to hold yourself accountable.

Whatever path you finally take, one thing is for sure: there has never been a better time to learn a new skill and launch a career in coding.

I hope this list of the top programming languages for 2024 will be useful to you as you start your adventure!

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